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  1. #1
    Join Date
    Feb 2008

    Default Midges

    I'm certain I've asked this before at some point, but can someone explain exactly what a midge is, how many types of midges there are and if it is related to may flies.



  2. #2
    Join Date
    Apr 2008
    North Knoxville

    Default Midges is:

    Midges is:
    Small, black, olive, brown, rust, red, flies that you find everywhere there is water, especially cold, nutrient rich water (tailwaters, spring creeks). I believe a mosquito is a type of chironomid, or midge. Those little squirmy's you see in stagnant old tire water are mosquito larva!!

    Midges come in 3 forms, or stages (mayflies only have 2):

    1) Larva - there is little differentiation between head, thorax and abdomen - like a worm. A blood-worm is a good representation.

    2) Pupa - Distinct head, thorax and abdomen - the zebra midge is a representation. We fish these way more than larva- larva hang out in the mud, or hidden elsewhere.

    3) Adults- look like mosquitos, just w/out the blood sucking apparatus, and usually a bit smaller 'round here. We often fish emerger patterns like a brooks sprout, sipper midge for this 'un. A griffith's gnat can represent a clump of midges, maybe a single adult midge.

    I carry lots of midge pupa in my fly boxes, mostly black and olive ones, because they're more common. Around here they're about 18-24, for the most part. There are exactly 97 billion kinds, colors, sizes of midges, but the aforementioned cover about 96 billion of 'em. Pump a fish tummy next time your out - there will be midges if it's a trout and it's not in a hatchery. I give you the Billy Mays guarantee that stomach pumps are effective in determining midge choice.

    Hope this helps, Mr. Raider

  3. #3
    Join Date
    Feb 2008


    Wow! Thanks! That does help I've been reading a bit on the entomology side,but they never spell it out for you like that. Thanks.

  4. #4
    Join Date
    Jan 2006
    Powell, TN


    "Midge Magic", a book by Don Holbrook and Ed Koch, has lots of midge patterns with pictures of the insect in the life-cycle stage that they represent. Probably available from LRO.


  5. #5
    Join Date
    Apr 2006

  6. #6
    Join Date
    Feb 2008

  7. #7
    Join Date
    May 2008
    Clinton, TN

    Thumbs up

    Quote Originally Posted by ChemEAngler View Post

    Sweeeet... Cool site

    My Blog: Fly Fish East Tennessee


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